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Atkin, Edmond, THE APPALACHIAN INDIAN FRONTIER: Edmond Atkin Report and Plan of 1755. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1967). Illustrations, map, 107 pp.

~~~ "In 1754 the British Board of Trade, belatedly awakening to the need of winning the allegiance of the southern Indians on the eve of the Seven Years' War, sought out Edmond Atkin for advice. Atkin, then in England, was a prosperous Charleston merchant who had familiarized himself with the Indian problem as a member of the South Carolina Council. He responded by submitting to the board a lengthy Report and a still more elaborate Plan. This volume reproduces both the Report and the Plan, which have been copied from the originals in the Henry E. Huntington Library and edited by Dr. Wilbur R. Jacbos. The editor has provided not only explanatory footnotes, but also, in a compact Introduction, the best biographical sketch of Atkin now in print. The book will interest historians of the southern frontier as well as anthropologists, who will find in Atkin's report an excellent description of the southern tribesmen of the period."—United States Quarterly Book Review.


[Bailey] Virgil A. Lewis. LIFE AND TIMES OF ANN BAILEY: Heroine of the Greater Kanawha Valley. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Mark S. Phillips Publishing, 1998). 6x9, photographs, map, index, 90 pages.

~~~ From Lewisburg to Charleston and Point Pleasant, Ann Bailey was the embodiment of pioneer spirit: clad in buckskin leggins with a rifle slung over her shoulder, a woman who lived larger than life. Her daring solo horseback ride across the Midland Trail in 1791 to save Fort Clendenin (Charleston) from siege is just one of the exploits covered in this text. Author Virgil Lewis was able to interview people who knew Bailey, making this the most accurate of the Bailey biographies. Back in print after more than a century, with new index, a map, and supplemental photographs.


Belue, Ted Franklin, THE LONG HUNT: Death of the Buffalo East of the Mississippi NEW copy, hardcover. (Stackpole Books, 1996), 6x9. 5 maps , 8 pages of 20 b/w photos, appendix, abbriviations, notes, annotated bibliography, glossary, index, 240 pages.





Brinton, Daniel G., THE LENAPE (Delawares) AND THEIR LEGENDS: With the Complete Text and Symbols of The Walum Olum. Dark brown hardcover with gold embossing. (Lewisburg, PA: Wennawoods Publishing, 1999). Reprint of the original 1884/1908 edition. This edition limited to 1000 copies. Index, 416 pages.

~~~ One can not begin to understand the Indian history of the Eastern Frontier during the 17th and 18th century without first knowing the history of the dominant tribe of Pennsylvania during this time period, the Lenape or Delaware Indians. The story of this tribe is so indelibly intertwined with the major events of the day that to understand the complexities of Indian-Indian and Indian-White relationships is to know the Lenape. From William Penn and The Walking Purchase to 18th century Indian wars that set the Pennsylvania frontier ablaze, the Lenape dominated their days in Penn’s Woods. And so significant is the lasting memory of these people on Pennsylvania that many of our mountains, valleys and streams still carry their Indian given names and will until the end of time. It was this love for the land of their fathers that caused the Lenape to fight to the death for their home and hunting grounds. It is about a people and their will to stay free. This is their story. Brinton was one of the 19th century’s foremost students of American Indian history and his work on the Lenape and their ancient tribal migration story, The Walum Olum, is considered a classical piece of study. This very scarce and hard to find book was published in 1885, and because of its historical significance, is now republished for the serious students of Eastern Frontier Indian history. It begins by discussing the history of the other Algonkin and Iroquois tribes of the East, then gets into the meat of the book with major chapters on Lenape history, their literature and language, myths and traditions, and the Walum Olum, the ancient migration story of the Delaware; Brinton’s most valuable contribution to our understanding of Lenape history. The Walum Olum portion of the book consists of over 70 pages of the pictographic story in bright red on one side of the page with the detailed translation on the right. He finishes with a 20 page vocabulary of Delaware to English word translations and copious notes.


Caruso, John A., THE APPALACHIAN FRONTIER: America's First Surge Westward. VG/VG. Jacket in mylar. (Indianapolis: Bobbs, Merrill, 1959). First Edition. Gilt titles; illustrated endpages, 408 pp.

~~~ Looking at the rich and mountainous land between the Ohio and Tennessee Rivers, The Appalachian Frontier follows the story of the Longhunters in Kentucky; the struggles of the Regulators in North Carolina; the founding of the Watauga, Transylvania, Franklin, and Cumberland settlements; the siege of Boonesboro; and the patterns and challenges of frontier life. While narrating the gripping stories of such figures as Daniel Boone, George Rogers Clark, and Chief Logan, Caruso combines social, political, and economic history into a comprehensive overview of the early mountain South.



Doddridge, NOTES ON THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS: Of the Western Parts of Virginia and Pennsylvania from 1763 to 1763, inclusive, together with a Review of the State of Societ and Manners of the First Settlers of the Western Country. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Parsons, WV: McClain Printing Company, 2000). Originally published in 1824, this WVBC edition is a facsimile of the 1912 reprint edition by Ritenour & Lindsey, out of Pittsburgh. Includes a memoir of the author by his daughter. 5.5x8x5. 447 pages.

~~~ Doddrige's history covers the early settlements of western Virginia and Pennsylvania. About one-third of the book chronicles the wars between the Indians and the settlers. In another third of the book Doddrige addresses various aspects of life at this time, including the plants and animals of the region; the settlers' law, morality and religion; illnesses and their cures; modes of trade and hunting; and other descriptions of early life west of the Alleghenies. The last third is a biography of Doddrige himself, written by his daughter, and also includes histories of prominent settlers of the region.


Skidmore, Warren, with Donna Kaminsky, LORD DUNMORE'S LITTLE WAR OF 1774: His Captains and Their Men Who Opened Up Kentucky & the West to American Settlement. . NEW copy, hardcover. (Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, 2002). Illustrations, maps, appendices, index, 296 pages.

~~~ Unique to this volume are the previously unpublished set of ledgers that include 3 broad categories of information: the names of the rangers called out to protect the Virginia frontier in 1773 and 1774 and the pay owed them, the militiamen that served soon after in Dunmore’s War proper, and the sums due the farmers and merchants that put in claims for goods and services that supported this effort. These long lists, taken together, contain about 38,000 entries and caught the many of the men (and their occasional widows) living in western Virginia and southwestern Pennsylvania in 1775. We have now a substitute for a kind of census of this time and place. The introduction corrects some popular myths about the war and the Battle of Point Pleasant, and taken together with Reuben Gold Thwaites and Louise Phelps Kellogg’s Documentary History of Dunmore’s War 1774, may be taken as the definitive history of the last colonial war in America. Useful biographies have been footnoted for all of the captains, including those who went (like many of their men) soon after to Kentucky, Ohio, Tennessee and the west. A portrait of Lord Dunmore in his tartans, an old woodcut depicting the Battle of Point Pleasant, and 2 new maps enhance the text.


Thwaites, Reuben and Phelps Kellogg (eds), DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF DUNMORE'S WAR, 1774 . NEW copy, trade paperback. (Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, 2002). Reprint of original 1905 edition. Index, 472 pages.

~~~ A history of that war presented via contemporary letters, journals, reports, etc. as written by the participants with an introductory essay by the editors, innumerable explanatory footnotes which identify people and places, muster rolls and returns of troops, a list of other participants, and biographies of officers.


Eckert, Allan. THAT DARK AND BLOODY RIVER. NEW copy, trade paperback. (NY: Bantam Books, 1996), 6.5x9.8. Maps, notes, bibliography, index, 810 pages.

~~~ From Publishers Weekly: The Ohio River, a principal route for pioneers pushing westward along its 981-mile course from Pennsylvania through Kentucky and Indiana to Illinois, was the scene of fierce battles among warring Indian tribes?Shawnee, Miami, Cherokee, Iroquois, etc.?and between Native Americans and white settlers. Tapping journals, letters, diaries and government memoranda from 1768 to 1799, and fleshing out his panoramic chronicle with reconstructed dialogue adapted from primary sources, historian-novelist Eckert has fashioned an epic narrative history of the struggle for dominance of the Ohio River Valley that makes compelling reading. The lives of notable pioneer families (Zanes, Bradys, Wetzels), incursions of traders, explorers, colonists, adventurers and the historic exploits of George Washington, Daniel Boone, George Rogers Clark and others intersect. A biographer of Shawnee chief Tecumseh (A Sorrow in Our Heart, Eckert emphasizes the sudden, overwhelming movement of whites into Native American lands and the Indians' initial restraint and tolerance, followed by furious raids, wars and expulsions.


Eckert, Allan. THE FRONTIERSMEN. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Jesse Stuart Foundation, 2001), 6x9. 626 pages.

~~~ The frontiersmen were a remarkable breed of men. They were often rough and illiterate, sometimes brutal and vicious, often seeking an escape in the wilderness of mid-America from crimes committed back east. In the beautiful but deadly country which would one day come to be known as West Virginia, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, more often than not they left their bones to bleach beside forest paths or on the banks of the Ohio River, victims of Indians who claimed the vast virgin territory and strove to turn back the growing tide of whites. These frontiersmen are the subjects of Allan Eckert's dramatic history.
~~~ Against the background of such names as George Rogers Clark, Daniel Boone, Arthur St. Clair, Anthony Wayne, Simon Girty and William Henry Harrison, Eckert has recreated the life of one of America's most outstanding heroes, Simon Kenton. Kenton's role in opening the Northwest Territory to settlement more than rivaled that of his friend Daniel Boone. By his eighteenth birthday, Kenton had already won frontier renown as woodsman, fighter and scout. His incredible physical strength and endurance, his great dignity and innate kindness made him the ideal prototype of the frontier hero.

Yet there is another story to The Frontiersmen. It is equally the story of one of history's greatest leaders, whose misfortune was to be born to a doomed cause and a dying race. Tecumseh, the brilliant Shawnee chief, welded together by the sheer force of his intellect and charisma an incredible Indian confederacy that came desperately close to breaking the thrust of the white man's westward expansion. Like Kenton, Tecumseh was the paragon of his people's virtues, and the story of his life, in Allan Eckert's hands, reveals most profoundly the grandeur and the tragedy of the American Indian.
~~~ No less importantly, The Frontiersmen. is the story of wilderness America itself, its penetration and settlement, and it is Eckert's particular grace to be able to evoke life and meaning from the raw facts of this story. In The Frontiersmen not only do we care about our long-forgotten fathers, we live again with them.


Eshleman, Frank, ANNALS OF THE SUSQUEHANNOCKS: and Other Indian Tribes of Pennsylvania, 1500-1763. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Lewisburg, PA: Wennawoods Publishing, 2000). Reprint of original 1908 edition. Index, 416 pages.

~~~When Europeans first arrived in North America, the Susquehannocks were a very powerful tribe —- often at war with their neighbors and inveterate enemies of the Iroquois. They were finally weakened and defeated by the Five Nations in 1675 and from that point on became a remnant tribe known as the Conestogas, and were often at the mercy of the burgeoning English colonies. Though surviving until the 1760s, the last surviving Conestogas were murdered by rogue settlers in 1763.  ~~~   Drawn from a variety of sources including the Maryland Archives, the Pennsylvania Archives, the Jesuit Relations, and many others, this book includes a thorough year-by-year chronology of Indian activity in Pennsylvania prior to the Revolutionary War. Other tribes and nations discussed in the book include the Nanticokes, Conoy, Delawares, Shawnee, Iroquois, and others.



(Girty), Thomas Boyd, SIMON GIRTY: The White Savage. VG. Very light spotting to covers which are otherwise unfaded. Covers are crisp without chips tears or bumps. Interior clean throughout. In uncommonly nice condition overall, but lacks dust jacket. (NY: Minton, Balch & Company, 1928). First Edition. 252 pages.

~~~ "Of all the men remembered from those years (last quarter of the eighteenth century) Simon Girty . . . was perhaps the most widely and deeply hated. Pioneer mothers in lonely cabins used to scare their children into obedience by threatening them with the appearance of the dreaded Girty. And afterward it was said of him that 'no other country or age ever produced . . . so brutal, depraved, and wicked a wretch.' Another called him 'a monster. No famished tiger ever sought the blood of a victim with more unrelenting rapacity than Girty sought the blood of a white man. He could laugh in fiendish mockery, at the agonies of a captive, burning and writhing at the stake. He could witness unmoved the sacrifice of unoffending women and children. No scene of torture or of bloodshed was sufficiently horrible to excite compassion in his bosom.' And in The Romance of Western History it is told that he was 'a wretched miscreant' who 'had fled from the abode of civilized men; he became a savage in manners and in principle, and spent his whole life in the perpetration of a demoniac vengeance against his countrymen.' ~~~ Girty's life, particularly between 1774 and 1794, was so closely connected with the Ohio Indians during the years in which their country was being invaded by American settlers that his story follows their successes and defeats like an historical narrative of them. He had been born on the border and had grown up amid its wildness. From childhood he had known Senecas, Delawares and Wyondots. Their manner of living in some ways suited him better than that of the frontiersmen. And when a combination of circumstances -- in the third year of America's War of Independence, -- made him leave Fort Pitt and go to the British at Detroit he was unwittingly on his way to become a leader among the Indians. ~~~ His is the story of a backwoods roughneck who left his own people because of a slender grievance and for twenty years led raiding parties of Indian warriors through the Ohio wilderness to the white man's border, a dark, brawny man who fought as fiercely as a Shawanese chieftain. Over the Ohio into Pennsylvania, Virginia and Kentucky he rode at the head of marauding braves and left settlements smoking when he turned back. That the early pioneers had cause to hate him there is no doubt. Nor is there any doubt that they hysterically exaggerated his numerous cruelties. But that was to be expected. For at least twice in his career he stood in the light cast by his own former countrymen burning at the stake; and once he commanded a horde of Wyandot warriors who galloped into an American army which they were foremost in butchering. No name seemed black enough to discolor him. ~~~ Yet a number of times, and nearly always at the risk of offending the Indian chiefs and warriors, he pleaded or demanded that the lives of doomed white prisoners be spared. In the case of Simon Kenton, of whose captivity and death sentence there is a full account, Girty worked anxiously to save the Virginia scout -- and he succeeded. That he often did successfully intercede for former countrymen of his who had been taken and condemned by the Indians is proved by records. ~~~ Stubborn, bull-necked, proud of his strength, murderous yet merciful, Girty the traitor can't be white-washed. But some credit should be given to the memory of a man who spent twenty years in the closest contact with the Shawanese, Miamis and Wyandots, rose to a position of trjust among them and was, in fact, the only white person to sit as one of them in their tribal war councils. And while it would be fatal to defend him, it may be interesting to see how far he can be explained." (from Chapter I).


[Gist] William M. Darlington (ed), CHRISTOPHER GIST'S JOURNALS WITH HISTORICAL, GEOGRAPHICAL AND ETHNOLOGICAL NOTES AND BIOGRAPHIES. . NEW copy, trade paperback. (Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, 2006). Reprint of the original 1893 edition. Index, 296 pages.

~~~ This highly desirable reprint includes not just one, but many such accounts. Between 1750 and 1753 Christopher Gist, the Agent of the Ohio Company of Virginia, explored the greater portion of the region now included within the states of Ohio, Kentucky and West Virginia, and parts of western Maryland and southwestern Pennsylvania. These explorations were the earliest made so far west for the single object of examining the country, and they are the first of which a regular journal was kept. Gist is often remembered for saving George Washington from freezing to death in the Allegheny River as they returned from delivering a message to the commandant of the French forts in the Ohio country during the winter of 1753. These remarkable journals contain descriptions of lands, friendly and hostile Indians, Indian customs, French settlements and forts, English settlements, and interesting events that occurred on the trail. Additionally, this book contains biographical sketches of Gist and many interpreters and traders, such as Andrew Montour and the Montour family, George Croghan, Thomas Cresap, the Indian Guyasuta, General James Grant, Conrad Weiser, and others. Historical documents, correspondence, and maps supplement this important work. Of special interest is Robert Orme’s letter to Gov. Dinwiddie, describing the horror of Braddock’s Defeat. Other information relates to the Treaty of Lancaster, the Ohio Company, the Walpole Grant, Wm. Trent & Co., Pownall’s Account of the Lead Plate, and Letters and Speeches to Indians.


[Gist] Christian Wig, ANNOSANAH: A Novel Based on the Life of Christopher Gist. . NEW copy, trade paperback. (Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, 2006). 280 pages.
~~~ Pioneer, fur trader, and frontier diplomat, Christopher Gist, the first Colonial explorer of the Ohio territory, is also Annosanah - speaker of true words. In spite of his Wyandot title, he knows he must deceive the very Indians who have named him. In the guise of an emissary inviting the Ohio tribes to a conference, he searches the Ohio Valley for land best suited for white settlement. On this first journey in 1750 for the Ohio Company, he seeks to replace his lost inheritance through land speculation, thus setting the stage for the eventual displacement of these Indian people. In the next decade France and England fight the last of the French and Indian Wars. A willing participant, Gist sees the destruction of his home, a stormy relationship with an arrogant young George Washington whose life he twice saves, a fiasco at Fort Necessity, and the annihilation of General Braddock's Redcoats. But this life of adversity only prepares him for the most challenging task any frontiersman could face: liaison between two peoples as different as the worlds from which they come.


Hale, John P (ed by Harold J. Dudley), TRANS-ALLEGHENY PIONEERS: Historical Sketches of the First White Settlements West of the Alleghenies, 1748 & After. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Radford, VA: Robert Ingles Steele, 1989). Reprint of the original 1886 edition. Maps, illustrations, Chronology, Bibliography, Index.

~~~ Includes chapters on the Ingles Family, Daniel Boone, the Moore Family, Rebecca Davidson, the Battle of Point Pleasant, Lord Dunmore, & Cornstalk. 422 pages.


Hass, Wills De, HISTORY OF THE EARLY SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF WEST VIRGINIA: An Account of the Various Expeditions in the West, Previous to 1795. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Parsons, WV: McClain Printing Company). Illustrated by numerous engravings, 416 pages.

~~~ First published in 1851, History of the Early Settlement chronicles the battles fought along the Western Virginia border, the wartime lessons learned by General Washington prior to the Revolution, and the bitter battles fought by the white settlers with the Indians. A classic of early West Virginia history.


Hawkins, Bill, PRICKETT'S FORT NEW copy, trade paperback. (Charleston, WV: The West Virginia Book Company), 240 pages.

~~~ Prickett's Fort is a historically accurate story of the struggles of Ethan LeMaster and Alexander Braxton as they wrestle with danger, intrigue and love. The powerful account is based on actual events that happened in frontier Virginia (now West Virginia) near Fairmont, in Marion County.


Hunter, William A., FORTS ON THE PENNSYLVANIA FRONTIER, 1753-1758. NEW copy. Navy blue hardcover with gold embossing on front and spine. (Lewisburg, PA: Wennawoods Publishing, 1999). Reprint of 1960 edition. This edition limited to 2,000 copies. 596 pp.

~~~ By 1756, in response to increasing attacks on its wilderness borders, the Provincial Quaker government of Pennsylvania had built more than a dozen forts, garrisoned by paid troops. William A. Hunter's Forts on the Pennsylvania Frontier, 1753-1758, describes these and other frontier forts in Pennsyvania during the years of the French & Indian War. Also covered are French forts and the French claim to Pennsylvania territory, the three forts erected on Pennsylvania land by the Virginia and Ohio Company and the British takeover of fort building and frontier protection in the southern and western parts of the Province in the later half of the 1750s.


[Kenton] Thomas D. Clark, SIMON KENTON: Kentucky Scout NEW copy, trade paperback. (Ashland, KY: Jesse Stuart Foundation, 1998), 208 pp, (for young adults).
~~~ No part of American history is more exciting than the 1770's, when Europeans first settled west of the Appalachian mountains in the land now known as Kentucky. Simon Kenton's story is synonymous with the story of that era. His life of excitement, adventure, and danger on the frontier made him one of the leading heroes of that time and, eventually a Kentucky legend.


[Bedinger] transcribed by Craig L. Heath, THE GEORGE M. BEDINGER PAPERS IN THE DRAPER MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION. . NEW copy, trade paperback. (Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, 2002). Map, index, 418 pages.

~~~ This book will be of use particularly to persons interested in early Kentucky history and genealogy, and sheds light on events in the Revolutionary War as well. Researchers will welcome the new index, which allows easy navigation through these fascinating historical records. Bedinger’s military career began in 1775 in Virginia where he enlisted in Col. Hugh Stevenson’s company of sharpshooters. He participated in the siege of Boston and the battle of Germantown, and brought supplies to the army at Valley Forge. He took part in Bowman’s Campaign of 1779, an abortive attack on a Shawnee Indian village. Later that year he joined a company setting forth for Kentucky, where they reinforced the Indian-harassed pioneers at Boonesborough. He was present at the siege of Yorktown, and eventually explored the Green River country in Kentucky and made his permanent home at Lower Blue Licks. All of these exciting events and many more are described in these papers, which consist of personal recollections written by Bedinger or taken by Draper from his verbal dictation, affidavits of services, land warrants, and letters from his descendants. Included is a map of the Blue Lick battleground. The distinguished Draper Manuscripts, owned by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, are a prized source of information for students of American history.


Belue, Ted Franklin, THE HUNTERS OF KENTUCKY: A Narrative History of America's First Far West, 1750-1792 NEW copy, hardcover with dust jacket. (Stackpole Books, 2003), maps, illustrations, chronology, 320 pages.

~~~ From Smoke and Fire News: Ted Franklin Belue knows well the colorful history of the Trans-Appalachian region, a fact that is fully evident in his recently published The Hunters of Kentucky, This excellent book will be of interest to a wide spectrum of readers. Those not familiar with the Kentucky backcountry will learn a lot. Those already knowledgeable about the facts will come away with a heightened appreciation for the unique character of the Kentucky frontier. Belue’s approach differs from the usual form of narrative employed by most historians. Rather than include all the players and events in the drama, the author has selected certain personalities and subjects to emphasize, weaving an intriguing tapestry of the Kentucky frontier -— in effect a backwoods mood piece. By employing this technique, Belue exhibits a much more distinctive style of writing than was evident in his equally valuable earlier book, The Long Hunt. Following a prologue, The Hunters of Kentucky is divided into ten chapters. Each chapter is followed by a shorter exposition, termed an interlude. Among the major figures featured are Dr. Thomas Walker, Christopher Gist, Thomas Bullitt, Daniel Boone, Nicholas Cresswell, Daniel Trabue, James Estill, Pompey, George Michael Bedinger, and Spencer Records. Subjects covered include exploration, surveying, warfare, buffalo, clothing, long hunters, and weapons. A helpful chronology appears in an appendix. The maps and illustrations are first-rate.


Enoch, Harry G., IN SEARCH OF MORGAN'S STATION AND "THE LAST INDIAN RAID IN KENTUCKY". . NEW copy, trade paperback. (Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, 1997). Illustrations, appendices, bibiiography, map, 232 pages.

~~~"The focal point of this meticulously researched book is the 1793 Indian raid on Morgan's Station in which a band of about thirty-five Shawnee and Cherokee Indians descended upon this small fort in a surprise attack that ended with two people killed and 19 women and children captured. Additionally, Mr. Enoch describes the years preceding and immediately following the raid; in all, covering more than a quarter century of early Kentucky history. Although Mr. Enoch's narrative ends in late 1796 with the establishment of Montgomery County, he includes an epilogue, which tells what became of the surviving captives of the Morgan's Station raid. "


McAdams, Mrs harry Kennett (compiler), KENTUCKY PIONEER AND COURT RECORDS: Abstracts of Early Wills, Deeds and Marriages from Court Houses and Records of Old Bibles, Churches, Grave Yards, and Cemeteries Copied by American War Mothers — Genealogical Material Collected from Authentic Sources — Records from Anderson, Bourbon, Boyle, Clark, Estill, Fayette, Garrard, Harrison, Jessamine, Lincoln, Madison, Mercer, Montgomery, Nicholas and Woodford Counties . NEW copy, trade paperback. (Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, 2002). Reprint of the original 1929 edition. Surname index, 484 pages.

~~~“Records, like people, grow old and are lost or destroyed, and it is a vital necessity that they be preserved in a compact form for historical research.” The focus of this book is listed in the title, but Bath County marriages, the Winifree family of Christian County, Fleming County marriages, Scott County marriages and extracts from funeral invitations, and Wayne County marriages are also touched on. Bible records and genealogy not given under Counties include wills from Maryland, North Carolina, and Virginia. The quaint spellings found in old records have been faithfully duplicated. A surname index adds to the value of this genealogical treasure trove"


McCullough, Edward P., THE EARLY HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KENTUCKY. . NEW copy, trade paperback. (Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, 2006). Maps, photographs, index, 186 pages.

~~~ This book will be of use particularly to persons interested in early Kentucky history and genealogy, and sheds light on events in the Revolutionary War as well. Researchers will welcome the new index, which allows easy navigation through these fascinating historical records. Bedinger’s military career began in 1775 in Virginia where he enlisted in Col. Hugh Stevenson’s company of sharpshooters. He participated in the siege of Boston and the battle of Germantown, and brought supplies to the army at Valley Forge. He took part in Bowman’s Campaign of 1779, an abortive attack on a Shawnee Indian village. Later that year he joined a company setting forth for Kentucky, where they reinforced the Indian-harassed pioneers at Boonesborough. He was present at the siege of Yorktown, and eventually explored the Green River country in Kentucky and made his permanent home at Lower Blue Licks. All of these exciting events and many more are described in these papers, which consist of personal recollections written by Bedinger or taken by Draper from his verbal dictation, affidavits of services, land warrants, and letters from his descendants. Included is a map of the Blue Lick battleground. The distinguished Draper Manuscripts, owned by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, are a prized source of information for students of American history.


Myers, Marshall. ONLY IN OLD KENTUCKY: Historic True Tales of Cultural Ingenuity. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Charleston: The History Press, 2014). 6x9. Over 25 images. 144 pages.

~~ Tracing Kentucky’s unusual history through its early days as the rough-and-tumble frontier and its settling down and growing up in dozens of directions, Only in Old Kentucky offers a series of novel and fascinating stories of bygone days from Cadiz to Versailles. Kentucky’s saltpeter reserves take a backseat to coal mining today but played a critical role in the military engagements of yesteryear. Devil John Wright morphed from a Civil War soldier to a circus performer to a legend. Dueling so shaped the early commonwealth that to this day, officials must take an oath promising to refrain from doing so. Join historian and professor Marshall Myers as he tracks down Kentucky’s hidden oddities and curiosities, reviving and celebrating the most bizarre and captivating stories Kentucky history has to offer.


Knez, Andrew, Jr., EASTERN FRONTIER ART NEW copy -- still sealed in cellaphane, oversized PAPERBACK. (McMurray, PA: Imprints). "A Collection of the Artist's full color images and their accompanying texts; With an Introduction by John Curry."

~~~ Regarding his work, the artist writes: "My work usually depicts the life and struggles of the average person of the 1750 through 1830 period in the area known as the "Eastern Frontier" (Western Pennsylvania, Western Virginia and Ohio). This was a time when survival was placed directly upon the shoulders of the individual. There were a great many heroes, whose deeds for the most part have gone unrecorded, that survived and flourished in that dangerous time. ~~~ My material comes from extensive research, into period journals, diaries, archival civilian and military records. I have a number of experts of the period with whom I consult on particular details of an intended painting. It is not uncommon for the research into a particular portrayal of an event to take much longer than the actual painting. "


(Chief Logan), CHIEF LOGAN: An Anthology. NEW copy, hardcover (issued without dustjacket). (Lewisburg, PA: Wennawoods Publishing). Three books in one: Logan the Mingo, by Franklin B. Sawvel (1921); "Tah-Gah-Jute": Or Logan and Captain Michael Cresap by Brantz Mayer (1851); and Chief Logan: Friend, Foe or Fiction, by Ron Wenning (1997).

~~~ Chief Logan was one of the most enigmatic Indians of his time. The son of a great Iroquoian chief, Jefferson would call him the greatest orator of the 18th century. And yet this once great, kind and gentle friend of whites and spiritual leader of his people would see his life spiral downward; committing him to wander his remaining years on the frontier a tortured and broken man.


Holden, Robert John, with Donna Jean Holden, THE HUNTING PIONEERS, 1720-1840: Ultimate Backwoodsmen on the Early American Frontier . NEW copy, trade paperback. (Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, 2004). Indices, bibiiography, map, 232 pages.

~~~ This book is the first comprehensive account of the ultimate wilderness archetypes - the hunting pioneer families in the deep woods. These hunting pioneers had a totally different perspective on the wilderness than did the farming pioneers who far outnumbered them. The hunting pioneers continually sought out remote forests where the game animals roamed, while the farming pioneers followed close behind, methodically destroying those wilds with their axes and plows. A dynamic force from the early 1700's to the mid-1800s, the hunting pioneers originated in the Delaware River colony of New Sweden. The Swede-Finns lived there in the forests where their way of life was greatly influenced by the local Indians. Over the years, these Swede-Finns were joined by English, German, and Scotch-Irish immigrants who also adopted the hunting pioneer lifestyle. Together they led the frontier advance through the backcountry of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia, all the way to the edge of the treeless Great Plains.Often illiterate, the hunting pioneers left virtually no written records. Fortunately, foreign and American travelers recorded their impressions of these colorful backwoods people, describing in detail their clothing, dwellings and unique lifestyle. Excerpts from thirty of these eyewitness descriptions have been included in this work. The book contains an introduction, six chapters, a summary, endnotes, a bibliography, and a fullname plus subject index. Chapter 1 gives an overview of the hunting pioneers' role in American frontier history and compares the similarities and differences among the hunting pioneers and their two greatest nemeses: the Indians and the farming pioneers. Chapter 2 explores the background and evolution of the hunting pioneers. Chapter 3 recounts the role of the hunting pioneers in wilderness warfare, including the siege of Boonesborough, the capture of Fort Sackville, the Battle of King's Mountain, the Battle of Blue Licks, and several clashes with the Indians north of the Ohio River. The remaining chapters describe the advance of the hunting pioneers into the Ohio River Valley, the Illinois Country, the South, and across the Mississippi River to the edge of the Great Plains. This book is a wonderful resource for historians, re-enactors, and genealogists."


Kindig, Joe, Jr., THOUGHTS ON THE KENTUCKY RIFLE IN ITS GOLDEN AGE. . VG-/VG+. Oversized book. Jacket is nearly flawless (darker shaded areas in picture are due to scanning: the actual jacket is uniformly bright). Book has small but significant flaw to front cover: on bottom edge near spine, cloth has been worn through to the paper. Board here is slightly bumped, with also a clean half-inch tear to cloth along spine-edge. Both bump & tear to cloth are inconspicuous: the chief flaw is to bottom edge, as previously described. Spine and covers otherwise tight and intact. Board edges otherwise unworn. Interior clean, tight and unmarked. (NY: Bonanza Books, 1964). Longrifle Series. Profusely illustrated throughout, index, 561 pages.

~~~ Mr Kindig's thoughts concern American flintlock rifles as works of art and this book is a grand display of this art. His thesis is that the gunsmiths who made these rifles were the finest artisans who worked in early America. He proves this by showing detailed photos of 262 of the finest pieces from his famous collection.
~~~ Flintlock rifles were produced chiefly along the Appalachian Piedmont from the eastern border of Pennsylvania to South Carolina. From locality to locality within this region distinctly different artistic details were used to decorate the rifles and distinctly different styles of stock architecture and metal mountings were used. Kindig's study is the first to recognize the existence of these many schools of gunsmithing and to show the importance of them to the study of the rifle and its art.


Rosenberger, Richard F. and Charles Kaufmann, THE LONGRIFLES OF WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA: ALLEGHENY AND WESTMORELAND COUNTIES. University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993., F/F, like new. 1st American edition. 9"x11" oblong. B&W and color photos by Bill Owen.139 pp, glossy paper.

~~~ The American longrifle, also known as the Kentucky rifle, was the finest rifle in the world for over a century. As this beautifully illustrated book shows, the gunmakers of western Pennsylvania were second to none in their skill and artistry. From the first settling of the land west of the Alleghenies, local gunsmiths produced the rifles that enabled the frontier family to survive in the wilderness... ..the definitive work on the guns and gunsmiths of Allegheny & Westmoreland counties from the mid-18th century to about 1870, with an emphasis on the "golden age" (1785-1815). Rosenberger & Kaufmann present a brief history of t he longrifle, an introduction to its manufacture and use in western Pennsylvania in the 18th & 19th centuries, biographies of all major gunmakers & detailed descriptions of known guns. They include 58 longrifles & pistols, each photgraphed in three views. Several are in full color. Closeups reveal the exceptionally fine detail on some of the rifles."


Whisker, James B., ARMS MAKERS OF PENNSYLVANIA. Susquehanna University Press, 1990., NEW, a mint copy. Hardcover issued without dust jacket. 9x12.5. Glossy paper throughout. Hundreds of photographs & illustrations of rifles, gunsmith portraits & period advertisements. Introduction, Abbreviations, Biographies of Arms Makers of Pennsylvania, Appendices, Bibliography, extensive notes, 218 pp.

~~~"Focuses on the Pennsylvania long "Kentucky" rifle, and identifies the primary schools of gun making and major technological developments." A substantial, indispensable study by one of the leading scholars in the field.


McWhorter, Lucullus Virgil. THE BORDER SETTLERS OF NORTHWESTERN VIRGINIA. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Parsons, WV: McClain Printing Company, 2000), 5.5x8.5. revised edition of original 1895 edition, edited & annotated by Reuben Gold Thwaites. 447 pages.

~~~ Originally published in 1915. In the contest for land Jesse Hughes bore a part far beyond that of the average settler. He was one of those woodsmen in whom was concentrated the hardihood, the daring, the fierce and uncontrollable spirit of our barbarous ancestors in the fens and on the swamp shores of Northwestern Europe. On the trail of the wild Indian his soul hardened to iron and Jesse's nature grew more savage than that of the man he hunted. He was grim, cruel, relentless and bloodthirsty; but he was the product of the age in which he lived.


Meginness, John, THE EARLY HISTORY OF LYCOMING COUNTY PENNSYLVANIA. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Lewisburg, PA: Wennawoods Publishing), 205 pp.

~~~ That portion of Lycoming County lying north of the Muncy Hills, and westward along the river to the Indian lands above Lycoming Creek, was the theater of many sanguinary conflicts during the Colonial and Revolutionary periods, and in that territory there is scarcely a square mile that was not baptized in fire and blood. Hostile bands of savages frequently descended from the north, killed and scalped scores of settlers, carried many into captivity who were unable to escape, destroyed their improvements, and burned their cabins. It was here that the great panic, or 'Big Runaway' occurred in 1778, which stands without parallel in the annals of the pioneer settlements. . . . So wrote John Meginness in 1892 as he set to work in writing the History of Lycoming County. From her earliest Indian history dating back over 10,000 years ago, Lycoming County has seen many early explorers, Indian leaders, missionaries to the Indians, Indian agents, pioneers and Indian fighters come and go across her land. We hear our mountains still calling out their names: Brule, Montour, Weiser, Heckewelder, Brady, Pence, Antes . . . this early history is one of the keystones of what life was like on the early Pennsylvania frontier.  




Patterson, A.W., HISTORY OF THE BACKWOODS. NEW copy, hardcover (issued without dustjacket). (Lewisburg, PA: Wennawoods Publishing), reprint of original 1843 edition. Includes 1746 map of backwoods country, 319 pages. Limited to 1000 copies.

~~~ The Allegheny-Ohio River cuts a fertile history through Western Pennsylvania into the Ohio country, setting the stage for a host of colorful characters to come to life to help shape the course of early American history. From the earliest accounts, this region of the Western Pennsylvania/Ohio Valley area and the history of the Westward movement into it, were home to many eventful, exciting yet bloody incidents.
~~~ The early discovery and settlement of this country by the French, and their subsequent struggle to retain occupancy of it, set the stage for the most unsettled period of Eastern Frontier history. Competing French and English interests, combined with continuing Indian warfare, lead to a long, bloody and unrelenting series of incidents making the 18th century settlement in the Ohio Valley one of the most exciting and colorful in American history. Written in the first half of the 19th century, History of the Backwoods is the earliest meaning history written of the Ohio Valley where Pennsylvania, 18th century Virginia and Ohio come together. As Patterson states, “Our endeavor has been to present these events, imbodied and arranged, in the order they occur. The motive to the undertaking has been a desire to supply a vacancy in the general history of the country, which may not have failed to be very generally remarked. Much of our western history, it is known, has never been written, while the published portions, to a great degree, have not been collected.”
~~~ Includes accounts by and about Gist and Girty, Braddock and Washington, Forbes and Armstrong, Pontiac and Cornstalk, Generals Lewis and Wayne, Colonels Crawford and Bouguet, Sam Brady and Bald Eagle, Moravian Missionaries and French explorers.


Crytzer, Brady J. FORT PITT: A Frontier History. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Charleston: The History Press, 2012). 6x9. 192 pages.

~~ For nearly half a century, Fort Pitt stood formidable at the forks of the great Ohio River. A keystone to British domination in the territory during the French and Indian War and Pontiac’s Rebellion, it was the most technologically advanced fortification in the Western Hemisphere. Early Patriots later seized the fort, and it became a rallying point for the fledgling Revolution. Guarding the young settlement of Pittsburgh, Fort Pitt was the last point of civilization at the edge of the new American West. With vivid detail, historian Brady Crytzer traces the full history of Fort Pitt, from empire outpost to a bastion on the frontlines of a new republic.


Weaver, Emily M., with the Fort Pitt Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. THE FORT PITT BLOCK HOUSE. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Charleston: The History Press, 2013). 6x9. Over 50 images. 160 pages.

~~ Beginning with its construction in 1764, the story of the Fort Pitt Block House is one that spans nearly three centuries of Pittsburgh history. The Block House was originally constructed as a defensive redoubt for Fort Pitt, a key British fortification during the French and Indian War. After the conflicts on the Pennsylvania frontier ended, the brick-laid building served as a trading post for wares and munitions, and in the nineteenth century, it played host to families and even a candy shop. In 1894, the only surviving structure of Fort Pitt was gifted to the Pittsburgh Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Though the building was threatened by demolition for the expansion of the Pennsylvania Railroad, the Daughters of the American Revolution fought to preserve this historic treasure for Pittsburgh. Join site curator and author Emily M. Weaver as she chronicles the remarkable history of the Fort Pitt Block House.


[Pontiac] Francis Parkman, THE CONSPIRACY OF PONTIAC AND THE INDIAN WAR AFTER THE CONQUEST OF CANADA . NEW copy. TRADE PAPERBACK. TWO VOLUMES. Heritage Books, 2005. Reprint of the 1901 edition. Illustrations, maps, ndex, 928 pages.

~~~ "Destined to melt and vanish before the advancing waves of Anglo-American power, the Indians of North America saw the danger, and, led by a great and daring champion, struggled fiercely to avert it. This classic and comprehensive study examines the catalysts, personalities, places, battles and consequences of Pontiac’s War. In his unique narrative style, Parkman describes the various tribes, the effect of the advance of French and English colonization, the interrelationships and rivalries, the wilderness environment, the attacks on Detroit and Michilimackinac, Bradstreet’s army on the lakes, the battle of Bushy Run, and the death of Pontiac. Several appendices add interest to the narrative, including Robert Rogers’ play, Ponteach. Reprinted from the attractive 'Frontenac Edition' which appeared 19 years after the first edition, this landmark 2-volume set incorporates material that was found in the intervening period, the most interesting of which were the important Bouquet and Haldimand Papers. These papers contained hundreds of letters from officers engaged in Pontiac’s War, and among the startling facts which they bring to light are the proposal of the Commander-in-Chief to infect the hostile tribes with smallpox, and that of a distinguished subordinate officer to take revenge on the Indians by permitting an unrestricted sale of rum."


[Pontiac], Howard H. Peckham, LIFE IN DETROIT UNDER PONTIAC'S SIEGE. Wayne State University Press, 1964, for the Detroit Historical Society., VG, no obvious flaws & no ownership marks. Pictorial olive wraps. 5"x 7.75". 24 pp plus introduction.

~~~ A lecture by one of the leading frontier America scholars of his day and the author of PONTIAC AND THE INDIAN UPRISING (1947). Nicely printed on fine paper.




[Sevier] Gordon T. Belt. JOHN SEVIER: Tennessee's First Hero. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Charleston: The History Press, 2014). 6x9. Over 45 images. 224 pages.

~~ A celebrated soldier, admired politician and founding father of the state of Tennessee, John Sevier led an adventurous life. He commanded a frontier militia into battle against British Loyalists at Kings Mountain. He waged a relentless war against the Cherokees in his effort to claim America’s first frontier. He forged the state of Franklin from the western lands of North Carolina and later became Tennessee’s first governor. Following his death, Sevier’s accomplishments faded from public memory, but years later, writers resurrected his image through romanticized accounts of his exploits, relying heavily on folk tales and recollections from aging pioneers. Thus, life and legend intertwined. Join authors Gordon T. Belt and Traci Nichols-Belt as they examine John Sevier’s extraordinary life through the lens of history and memory, shedding new light on this remarkable Tennessee figure.


Eckert, Allen. BLUE JACKET: Shawnee War Chief. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Jesse Stuart Foundation, 2003), 6x9. 177 pages.

~~~ For young readers. In the year 1771, a white boy named Marmaduke Van Swearingen was captured by Shawnee Indians in what is now West Virginia but was then the edge of the American frontier. Impressed with his bravery, he was not killed but instead was taken to Ohio where he was adopted into the tribe and given the name Blue Jacket, from the blue shirt he was wearing at the time of his capture. The boy grew to excel as a warrior and leader and became the only white to be made war chief of the Shawnee. The characters in this book were real people who lived the life and did the things herein recounted. Much of the dialogue is taken directly from historical records.
~~~ Allan W. Eckert, author of The Frontiersmen and 39 other notable books, has taken all of the known facts of Blue Jacket's life and has woven them into a narrative of compelling interest, with a very different perspective on the way America was settled. Eckert has written extensively on this theme, particularly in his highly-acclaimed Winning of America series. Blue Jacket was an Indian in every way save that of birth and was dedicated to preserving the Indian lands and their way of life from the encroaching whites. In this book, the reader learns what life was really like on the dangerous frontier wilderness that was West Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio before the Revolutionary War.

~~~ Note: Since the original publication of this book in 1969, subsequent scholarship, particularly by John Sugden (see below) has drawn into question the opinion that Blue Jacket was of white birth.


Himler, Ronald, & Michael P. Spradlin, THE LEGEND OF BLUE JACKET. NEW copy, hardcover. (Harper Collins).

~~~ For young readers. He was only sixteen when the Shawnee Indians took him from his home. But he wasn't captured. He went willingly. And, after many years of proving his bravery in battle against the colonists, he was named war chief of the Shawnee. His name was Blue Jacket. Ages 5-9


(Blue Jacket), John Sugden, BLUE JACKET: Warrior of the Shawnees. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press: Bison Books, 2000). Bibliography, extensive notes, index, 350 pp.

~~~ “Through impressive research in Canada, England, and the United States, John Sugden’s definitive study of Blue Jacket challenges long-held assumptions about the famous Shawnee war chief and his place in the history of the Old Northwest. . . . Sugden uses comprehensive research to tell a new and complicated story about a familiar period in American history.”—Journal of American History.
~~~ “A well-paced and compelling narrative written with lucidity, economy, and grace. . . . Sugden presents a clear, sensitive portrayal of Blue Jacket, his followers, and his allies in an era of extraordinary turmoil. He establishes Blue Jacket as a war leader of first importance and as a precursor to his more famous successor [Tecumseh]. . . . It is unfailingly judicious, it flows beautifully, and it keeps a reader turning its pages.”—William and Mary Quarterly.
~~~ "John Sugden…has brilliantly managed to restore Blue Jacket's deserving place in history. He has skillfully reconstructed the personality of his complex subject from diverse sources and placed his life within the broader context of frontier history in a very engaging and well-written monograph."--Michael Lawson, Journal of the West.
~~~ “Dr. Sugden’s excellent study makes abundantly clear Blue Jacket’s reality as an outstanding representative of the native American people and of the Shawnee Nation in particular.”--George Larrabee, Muzzleloader
~~~ “John Sugden provides his readers with the engaging story of the lengthy, bloody conflict over the land that is now Ohio. His focus, of course, is on one of the principal actors, Blue Jacket -- Military chief, diplomat, and businessman. The tale is gripping, and Sugden’s telling of it is both fascinating and insightful. … John Sugden has produced a study that contributes immensely to the scholarship and to our understanding of the people and events on the frontier between natives and whites in the Early Republic period.”--Dr. Richard V. Barbuto, Journal of America’s Military Past
~~~ Blue Jacket (ca. 1743–ca. 1808), or Waweyapiersenwaw, was the galvanizing force behind an intertribal confederacy of unparalleled scope that fought a long and bloody war against white encroachments into the Shawnees’ homeland in the Ohio River Valley. Blue Jacket was an astute strategist and diplomat who, though courted by American and British leaders, remained a staunch defender of the Shawnees’ independence and territory. In this arresting and controversial account, John Sugden depicts the most influential Native American leader of his time.


Thom, James Alexander & Dark Rain Thom, WARRIOR WOMAN: The Exceptional Life Story of Nonhelema, Shawnee Indian Woman Chief . NEW copy, mass market paperback. (Ballantine Books, 2007). 509 pages.

~~~ A bestselling master of historical fiction, James Alexander Thom has brought unforgettable Native American figures to life for millions of readers, powerfully dramatizing their fortitude, fearsomeness, and profound fates. Now he and his wife, Dark Rain, have created a magnificent portrait of an astonishing woman-one who led her people in war when she could not persuade them to make peace.
~~~ Her name was Nonhelema. Literate, lovely, imposing at over six feet tall, she was the Women's Peace Chief of the Shawnee Nation - and already a legend when the most decisive decade of her life began in 1774. That fall, with more than three thousand Virginians poised to march into the Shawnees' home, Nonhelema's plea for peace was denied. So she loyally became a fighter, riding into battle covered in war paint. When the Indians ran low on ammunition, Nonhelema's role changed back to peacemaker, this time tragically.
~~~ Negotiating an armistice with military leaders of the American Revolution like Daniel Boone and George Rogers Clark, she found herself estranged from her own people - and betrayed by her white adversaries, who would murder her loved ones and eventually maim Nonhelema herself.
~~~ Throughout her inspiring life, she had many deep and complex relationships, including with her daughter, Fani, who was an adopted white captive... a pious and judgmental missionary, Zeisberger... a series of passionate lovers... and, in a stunning creation of the Thoms, Justin Case-a cowardly soldier transformed by the courage he saw in the female Indian leader.
~~~ Filled with the uncanny period detail and richly rendered drama that are Thom trademarks, Warrior Woman is a memorable novel of a remarkable person-one willing to fight to avoid war, by turns tough and tender, whose heart was too big for the world she wished to tame.

~~~ From Publishers Weekly: In 1774, on the eve of the American Revolution, a female Shawnee warrior chief preached peace to her angry tribe, whose homeland on the banks of the Ohio river was threatened by the Virginia army. In this dense, moving fictional account of 12 critical years in Shawnee history, veteran historical novelist Thom (Sign-Talker, etc.) and his Shawnee wife tell the story of a remarkable woman who led her people's doomed resistance against her better judgment. Nonhelema, whose name means "Not a Man," and who was called the "Grenadier Squaw" by the British for her height and bearing, witnessed white aggression and treachery on a daunting, even revolting scale. (Perhaps the worst was a massacre of "Praying Indians" of the Delaware tribe.) Nevertheless, she converted to Christianity and was slow to dismiss all whites, two of whom (George Morgan and Alexander McKee) were her lovers and fathers of her children. Her faith in a peaceful solution is sorely tested by the galling settlement the Shawnee are forced to accept after their defeat in 1774, but worse is yet to come. The story is slow-moving and rather disjointed, and there are some anachronistic asides-one character coins the term "herstory"-but impressive research and well-rounded characters give the novel force and breadth. Nonhelema, a nuanced creation herself, is surrounded by intriguing secondary figures like Fani, her adopted white daughter; Brother Zeisberger, a manipulative missionary; and Justin Case, a cowardly soldier inspired to greatness by Nonhelema.


Thompson, Robert. A WOMAN OF COURAGE ON THE WEST VIRGINIA FRONTIER: Phebe Tucker Cunningham. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Charleston: The History Press, 2013). 6x9. Over 35 images. 160 pages.

~~ For nearly half a century, Fort Pitt stood formidable at the forks of the great Ohio River. A keystone to British domination in the territory during the French and Indian War and Pontiac’s Rebellion, it was the most technologically advanced fortification in the Western Hemisphere. Early Patriots later seized the fort, and it became a rallying point for the fledgling Revolution. Guarding the young settlement of Pittsburgh, Fort Pitt was the last point of civilization at the edge of the new American West. With vivid detail, historian Brady Crytzer traces the full history of Fort Pitt, from empire outpost to a bastion on the frontlines of a new republic.


Baker, C. Alice, TRUE STORIES OF NEW ENGLAND CAPTIVES CARRIED TO CANADA DURING THE OLD FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS. Volume I. . NEW copy. Trade PAPERBACK. (Heritage Books, 2004). Illustrations, index, 420 pages.

~~~ Recounts in detail the Indian attacks at Wells and York, Maine, Dover, New Hampshire, and Hatfield, Haverhill, and Deerfield, Massachusetts. Focuses on a few of the participants with extensive genealogical and biographical data. The families treated are: Baker, Nims, Otis, Plaisted, Rishworth, Rising, Sayward, Sheldon, Silver, Stockwell, Stebbins, Wheelwright, and Williams. The captives discussed in detail here are only treated briefly in the companion volume by Coleman. (1896).


Coleman, Emma Lewis, NEW ENGLAND CAPTIVES CARRIED TO CANADA BETWEEN 1677 AND 1760 DURING THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS . NEW copy. Trade PAPERBACK. Two volumes. (Heritage Books, 2005). Index, 890 pages.

~~~ In 1897, C. Alice Baker published True Stories of New England Captives Carried to Canada During the Old French and Indian Wars, which Heritage Books reprinted several years ago, but which is now out of print. Following the initial publication of that work, Ms. Baker and Emma Lewis Coleman continued to research this topic, scouring the libraries and archives of New England and Canada for information. Following the death of Ms. Baker, Ms. Coleman prepared the present volumes using all the data they had accumulated over several decades. These volumes name all the captives they discovered and provide biographical data on each, but the sketches on those people who had been covered in the earlier volume are abbreviated in comparison to those who had not been covered in the first compilation. This work provides an extensive picture of the Indian attacks on New England communities over about an eighty-year period, and in terms of identifying their captives, it is probably the most definitive work ever published. Sources are cited in footnotes and an appendix identifies various people and places mentioned in the text. There is a complete name index (1926).


Furbee, Mary Rodd, SHAWNEE CAPTIVE: The Story of Mary Draper Ingles. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Quarrier Press, 2001), 8.4x5.4. 112 pages. For younger readers.

~~~ In 1745, Mary Draper moved with her parents to Draper's Meadow in the Shenandoah Valley. Here they hoped to finally have rich farmland and the freedom to worship freely - far from the greedy landlords of their native Ireland and the partisan rules of Quaker Pennsylvania. Mary and her family were industrious and strong, quickly learning skills to survive on the frontier. In 1750, at the age of seventeen, Mary Draper married twenty-year old Will Ingles, the first wedding of two white settlers in the region. As more Europeans moved into the area, tension between the settlers and the Native Americans increased. Raids and killings by both sides became common. One day while the men were at harvest, a band of Shawnee warriors stormed Draper's Meadow, killing some settlers and burning the settlement to the ground. Taken captive were Mary, pregnant with her third child, her two young sons, and her injured sister-in-law. Through intuition and courage Mary impressed her kidnappers almost immediately. The captives were marched 800 miles over mountains to a Shawnee village on the Ohio River, presumably to spend the rest of their lives among the Shawnee tribe. But Mary vowed to escape and return to her husband and her people. The story of this remarkable woman's harrowing and courageous trip home places Mary Ingles at the pinnacle of American frontier heroes.


Leet, Karen. SARAH'S COURAGE: A Kentucky Frontier Kidnapping. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Charleston: The History Press, 2014). 5.5 x 8.5. 8 illustrations. 144 pages.

~~ Fiction, based closely on actual events. Far from the fort, the girls fear they might never see their homes and families again.Sarah and her best friend Mely are typical homesteader girls in Old Kentucky. They spend their days cooking over open fires, tending to animals, washing clothes in a nearby stream and exploring the dense forest near their homes. But when they venture a little too far, everything changes. Shawnee and Cherokee warriors kidnap the girls and take them deep into the wilderness, leaving them to wonder if they’ll ever see their homes again. The girls endure an action-packed adventure inspired by the true story of Daniel Boone’s frontier times that offers a look at the lives of early settlers west of the Appalachians. Learn about the frontier, Kentucky’s native peoples and more with acclaimed author Karen Leet.


Thom, James Alexander, FOLLOW THE RIVER. . NEW copy, mass market paperback. (Ballantine Books, 2086). 416 pages.

~~~ Fiction, based closely on actual events. Mary Ingles was twenty-three, married, and pregnant, when Shawnee Indians invaded her peaceful Virginia settlement, killed the men and women, then took her captive. For months, she lived with them, unbroken, until she escaped, and followed a thousand mile trail to freedom--an extraordinary story of a pioneer woman who risked her life to return to her people.


Thom, James Alexander, THE RED HEART. . NEW copy, mass market paperback. (Ballantine Books, 1998). 544 pages.

~~~ Historical fiction. Another fascinating historical tale by Thom, Red Heart is the story of young Quaker Frances Slocum and her abduction by Miami Indians. As she gradually accepts the way of life and love of her adoptive family, we learn about the Indian way of life at the time of the Revolution, and their harsh treatment at the hands of the colonials. Frances becomes brave and respected Maconakwa, Little Bear Woman, who years later is located by her Quaker family. he Slocum family of Northeastern Pennsylvania are the best of the white settlers, peace-loving Quakers who believe that the Indians hold the Light of God inside. It is from this good-hearted family that Frances is abducted during the Revolutionary war.
~~~ As the child's terror subsides, she is slowly drawn into the sacred work and beliefs of her adoptive mother and of all the women of these Eastern tribes. Frances becomes Maconakwa, the Little Bear Woman of the Miami Indians. Then, long after the Indians are beaten and their last hope, Tecumseh, is killed, the Slocums hear word of their long-lost daughter and head out to Indiana to meet their beloved Frances. But for Maconakwa, it is a moment of truth, the test of whether her heart is truly a red one.


Withers, Alexander Scott, CHRONICLES OF BORDER WARFARE: A History of the Settlement by the Whites, of Northwestern Virginia, and of the Indian Wars and Massacres in that Section of the State. NEW copy, trade paperback. (Parsons, WV: McClain Printing Company), revised edition of original 1895 edition, edited & annotated by Reuben Gold Thwaites. 447 pages.

~~~ First published in 1895, Chronicles of Border Warfare details the western Virginia settlers' experiences with Indian unrest and savage killings. The author clearly states first, however, that the Indians' brutality was in direct response to the landlust and selfishness of the English and American settlers. Chronicles of Border Warfare is a fascinating collection of these struggles, almost entirely written from eyewitness accounts. Detailing the settlements west of the Alleghenies, Withers tells us of early settlers' lives along the James, Kanawha, and Ohio Rivers.


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